Foreign direct investment in the states of the former USSR
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Source: Heritage Foundation FDI versus heritage index of economic freedom. Research suggests that transna- tional corporations prefer countries with well developed market legislation and reg- ulation which they consider favourable for investment, as a certain degree of security is essential in order to attract investment of departure between existing legislative acts and international norms UNCTAD, Since the international non-government, non-commercial organisation, Trans- parency International has been monitoring the perceived level of corruption and other economic developmental factors in many countries.
Table 7 presents data on the sit- uation in FSU countries. Only the Baltic States match or exceed this standard. In many cases there is a degree of relative congruence between the actual levels of FDI and those predicted by two or more of the equations. In nearly all cases Eq.
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The political stability in many countries of the FSU is estimated to be very low Kaufmann et al. FDI versus corruption perception index. Thus Armenia and Moldova have failed to attract the levels of FDI predicted by the index of economic freedom. This is interpreted to be due, at least in part, to FDI directly related to the oil, gas, and mineral sectors of their econ- omies. This suggests that perceptions of corruption may be a less important determinant of FDI in countries with relatively high measures for governance and economic freedom.
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Conclusions This study builds on the approach of the Bleyzer Initiative and examines some of the issues raised by that report. Major exceptions relate to the resource-rich countries in Central Asia which attract more investment than predicted. If investment related to oil and gas is removed from ag- gregate FDI in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, the actual level of invest- ment lies close to that predicted by the correlations.
Likewise, Tajikistan, Kyrgystan and Uzbekistan are consistently in the lowest rank for both actual and predicted levels of FDI. The index of economic freedom tends to over-estimate the level of FDI relative to both actual levels and to those predicted by governance and corruption indicators.
There is a further tension between the improvement in index of economic freedom for all the FSU states and the deterioration in the governance indicators for all but the Baltic States between and Though there are undoubtedly other factors which determine the level of FDI, such as geographic location, the analysis has shown that for most of the FSU states, the path to improving levels of FDI does indeed lie in improving governance, eco- nomic freedom and perceptions of corruption.
Failure to address these issues will re- sult in continued economic stagnation and isolation. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their helpful observa- tions, and to Trevor Bradley and Diana Byzakova for their research and editorial assistance. References Abdurakhmanov, M. Factors in attracting foreign direct investments. Ekonomicheskoe Obozrenie Tashkent 11, 28e29 in Russian. Investment climate for foreign investors in Uzbekistan. Ekonomicheskii Vestnik Uzbekistana Tashkent 6, 25e27 in Russian. Baku Interbank Currency Exchange of Azerbaijan, Investments d institutionalization replaces a lack of system in Russian.
Barrell, R. Foreign direct investment and enterprise restructuring in Central Europe. Economics of Transitions 8 2 , e Bleyzer Foundation, The Bleyzer Foundation, Kiev.
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Available at: www. Djuraeva, K. Economic reforms and attracting foreign investment: lessons of the past and perspectives of development. Ekonomicheskoe Obozrenie Tashkent 2, 33e36 in Russian. Federal State Statistics Service, Russia in Figures. Heritage Foundation, Index of Economic Freedom The Heritage Foundation. Hewko, J.
Foreign direct investment in transitional economies: does the rule of law matter? International Crisis Group, a. Georgia: avoiding war in South Osetia November International Crisis Group, b. International Crisis Group, c. While previous studies in this context are based on internationalization theories which were at least implicitly focused on FDI of firms from developed markets, the authors use a more emic approach and look for specific determinants of outward FDI of firms originating in BRIC countries.
Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Please share your general feedback. You can start or join in a discussion here. Visit emeraldpublishing. Findings — The findings reveal the relevance of determinants on the country, industry and firm level. Please note you might not have access to this content. Nigeria Keeps Policy Rate at Week Ahead. Precipitation Temperature. We Are Hiring.
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